Urinary Tract and Reproductive Emergencies | Centre for Veterinary Education

Urinary Tract and Reproductive Emergencies

Reproduction and Urinary Emergencies

The course begins with a discussion of renal function and the tests commonly used to diagnose renal and urinary tract injury, including contrast studies.

The second module starts with a clinically relevant review of the pathophysiology of acute kidney injury. The newer staging systems being applied to animals with acute kidney injury will be discussed with focus on their clinical applications. The diagnosis and treatment of AKI are described. Treatment of renal toxicities such as lilies in cats, raisins/grapes in dogs and NSAIDs will be included in this module.

The third module deals mainly with urinary obstruction: urethral and ureteral. Calcium oxalate ureterolithiasis is increasingly seen in cats in Australia and New Zealand. A detailed review of diagnosis and treatment of this until recently uncommon condition is included.

Finally, selected reproductive emergencies will be discussed. This module will cover the diagnosis and treatment of pyometra and dystocia, and the indications for caesarean section.

Veterinary nurses with a special interest in the topic are welcome to enrol in this course. Please be aware that the course is designed for qualified veterinarians and you should consider this in light of your knowledge and experience before you register.

Learning objectives

By successfully completing this course, you will be able to:

  • Understand what the kidneys do in health and how this alters in renal failure
  • Stage renal failure in cats and dogs
  • Recognise and treat animals with acute renal injury
  • Provide up to date treatment to cats with urethral and ureteral obstruction 
  • Recognise and treat pyometra and dystocia
  • Recognise the indications for caesarean section

Limited places remaining


Monday 28 October - Sunday 24 November 2019
Delivered Online



Dr Trudi Mcalees is a Massey Graduate who started her career in NZ in a mainly dairy practice in a small town in the centre of the North Island of New Zealand. There she was introduced to the rewards and frustrations of emergency practice. Trudi then spent a few years doing long-term locums in the UK and travelling before moving to Melbourne in 2000 to pursue a residency in Emergency Medicine and Critical Care. Trudi worked at the University of Melbourne teaching hospital for 10 years. She then returned to private practice, initially in Melbourne and now back home in New Zealand.

Trudi is committed to post-graduate education. She is passionate about improving the ability of practitioners to deal with emergencies, and as a side benefit, hopes to decrease the angst that can accompany these cases when they present. Trudi has a particular interest in analgesia, ventilation and multi-trauma cases. Trudi presents the CVE’s Feline Emergency TimeOnline course & is co-tutor of the Emergency Medicine Distance Education along with Sandra Forsyth.

Trudi has Memberships of the ANZCVS in Anaesthesia and Critical Care, and in Emergency Medicine and Critical Care. She was the first person to achieve Fellowship in Emergency Medicine and Critical Care in 2008.

Course Fees

Member TypeTimeOnline
Recent Grad / Part-time Member$303
Student Member$152
Non-member / eMember$607
*Members include: Practice, Professional and Academic members